Occoquan Reservoir is a 2,100-acre Fairfax Water Authority impoundment, which forms the boundary between Fairfax and Prince William counties. Fairfax County Water Authority manages Occoquan as a water supply impoundment, which serves residents of Fairfax County and the City of Alexandria. Occoquan is located near the I-95 corridor and is readily accessible to anglers residing in the Northern Virginia area. Three developed marinas provide boat rentals, bait, tackle, food, and boat launching facilities.
The Department initiated fish management activities in 1961, and management continues today for largemouth bass, bluegill, black and white crappie, channel catfish, flathead catfish, northern pike, and white perch. Hybrid striped bass and walleye were stocked in the past but introductions have since been discontinued. Occoquan currently holds the stated record flathead catfish (66 lbs. 4 oz) caught and released in 1994. Currently, the largemouth bass fishery is ranked as one of the best in the district for Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) of preferred fish (greater than 15 inches).
Maps & Directions
The main species of interest at Occoquan are largemouth bass, bluegill, and crappie, but opportunities exist for anglers to catch channel catfish, flathead catfish, northern pike, and white perch. No matter the skill level, technique of choice, or time of year, the tastes of all anglers should be satisfied while fishing at Occoquan.
The largemouth bass fishing is exceptional at Occoquan. Currently, the population is diverse, with bass found in all size classes up to about 21 inches. Good numbers of fish are available in the 4-6 pound range with an occasional larger fish mixed into the bag.
Heavy fishing pressure with ample habitat and abundant forage may make it more difficult to consistently catch fish. Patience is the key; anglers willing to try different techniques and lures to match the prevailing conditions should find success. Largemouth bass typically are found in transition areas between different habitats, particularly around heavy cover. Anglers should concentrate their efforts in these areas, fishing with a variety of lures such as plastic worms, jigs, spinner baits, or crank baits.
Black and White Crappie
Occoquan Reservoir has a very good crappie fishery and anglers should concentrate on areas with structure during the early spring. Anglers consistently catch fish around boat docks, fish attractors, or brush piles. Crappie can be successfully caught by a variety of methods ranging from small jigs, spinners, or flies fished with ultra light spinning gear or anglers may desire more traditional tactics such as fishing small minnows with a cane pole and bobber. Remember that crappies are a schooling fish, and once a fish is caught it is likely that several more will be caught with in close proximity. White crappie typically run larger; and, with the closure of Lake Manassas, Occoquan is the only District lake to offer white crappie.
The bluegill population has dropped considerably since the early 1990’s, but the population remains in balance. Fair numbers of bluegill are found in the 5-7 inch range at Occoquan, which provides anglers’ ample opportunity to fish for this delightful pan fish. Bream fishing does not have to be complicated. Anglers may use live bait such as worms or crickets with hopes of enticing a strike. Some anglers prefer to use ultra light spinning gear or fly fishing gear to present small lures or flies. Pound for pound, there’s not a fish that fights any harder than a scrappy bluegill. Bream are easy to catch which makes them ideal for introducing young children to the sport of fishing.
Occoquan provides a good channel catfish fishery for anglers living close to the Beltway. Channel catfish were first stocked into Occoquan Reservoir in 1964 and were stocked annually afterwards until 1978. Stocking of channel catfish occurred on alternate years between 1981-1991. A good fishery has developed since those initial stockings and the channel catfish population is self-sustaining. Channel catfish are not currently stocked into the reservoir since there is adequate natural reproduction. Anglers can expect to catch fish in the 14-20 inch range, with most fish averaging about 2 pounds.
Twelve flathead catfish were stocked into Occoquan Reservoir in 1965. Since that initial introduction a fantastic fishery has developed which produced the state record flathead catfish catch of 66 pounds 4 oz., caught and released by Mike Willems in May 1994. Anglers may want to concentrate their efforts in areas around rocky bluffs in close proximity to deep water. Live bream are the bait of choice and are often fished on the bottom with a slip sinker rig.
Anglers fishing from boats may use gasoline motors up to 10 horsepower.
The daily bag limit for bass is five per day. There is no minimum size limit.
Bluegill (bream) and other sunfish may be harvested without size restriction. Anglers are limited to 50 per day in aggregate (combined).
Black and white crappie may be harvested without size restriction from Occoquan. The daily limit is 25 per day in aggregate.
Catfish (Channel and Flathead)
There is no minimum size limit for catfish, but anglers are limited to 20 fish per day of each species.
The minimum size limit for northern pike in Occoquan Reservoir is 20 inches and anglers are limited to 2 fish per day.
Several parks offer boat rentals and bait. Fountainhead Park (Fairfax County) is off of Route 123 near Woodbridge. Bull Run Marina Regional Park can be accessed off of Rt. 612 near the upper end of the reservoir. More information about Bull Run Marina Regional Park and Fountainhead Park is available from the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority (703-352-5900). Lake Ridge Park is in Prince William County and is operated by the Prince William County Park Authority. Take Route 123 to Davis Ford Road/Old Bridge Road; turn left and go 5.5 miles to Hedges Run Road; turn right and go to the first hard surface road, and turn left into the park. For more information about Lake Ridge, call 703-792-7060.
Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority Headquarters
5400 Ox Road
Fairfax Station, VA 22039
Phone: (703) 352-5900
TDD: (703) 352-3165
FAX: (703) 273-0905
WEB: Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority
Office Hours: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Lake Ridge Park
Prince William County Park Authority
12350 Cotton Mill Drive
Woodbridge, VA 22192
Marina: (703) 494-5288
TTY: (703) 791-4068
WEB: Prince William County Park Authority
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
1320 Belman Road
Fredericksburg, VA 22401