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eastern narrow-mouthed toad

(Gastrophryne carolinensis)


This is a small, dark colored, and relatively smooth-skinned frog. A fold of skin extends across the head just behind the eyes. The head is small and the snout is pointed. Males grow to lengths of 20-34 mm, and females to 22-36 mm. The color varies from gray to reddish, and the back is dusky with fine bluish white spots. The underparts are dusky and bluish white, and the throat is speckled with fine dots. This species breeds from May to September. It lays about 850 black and white eggs which are 1-1.2 mm in diameter. The voice is like the bleat of a lamb with a vibrant quality suggestive of an electric buzzer.


This species occurs in the Piedmont, Coastal Plain, and Eastern Shore, in a variety of aquatic environments, including woodland ponds, barrier beach ponds, cattail marshes, ditches, and puddles. This toad hides under litter and debris during the day and usually escapes by running. It spends a lot of time in burrows and is sometimes found under logs, rocks, and boards.


Ants and termites make up the bulk of the diet.