Carcass Transport

The movement of infected carcass parts has likely contributed to the spread of the disease across North America. Certain parts of carcasses, most notably the brain and spinal cord, may be heavily contaminated with prions in infected deer. As such, the Department restricts the movement of whole deer carcasses and high-risk carcass parts from areas known to be affected by Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD).

Carcass parts that can legally be transported into Virginia from anywhere* include:

  • Finished taxidermy products
  • Boned-out cut and wrapped meat
  • Quarters of meat with no spinal column or head
  • Hides or capes with no skull attached
  • Cleaned (no brain tissue attached) skull or skull plates with or without antlers attached
  • Clean antlers with no meat or other tissues attached
  • Upper canine teeth with no root tissue attached

All of the above must be labeled with species, state/province of origin, and name and contact information for the person who killed or owned the animal.

* Listed parts can be transported into Virginia from the DGIF-designated carcass-restriction zones listed below and can be transported out of the CWD Containment Area (Clarke, Frederick, Shenandoah, and Warren counties) into the remainder of Virginia.

Carcass parts that include a high concentration of prions (a.k.a. high-risk parts):

  • Brain
  • Tonsils
  • Eyes
  • Lymph nodes
  • Spinal cord/backbone
  • Spleen

Transporting Carcasses Into Virginia

The following U.S. states, portions of states, and Canadian provinces are designated as CWD carcass-restriction zones; whole carcasses and specific high-risk carcass parts (see above) from cervids (i.e., deer (white-tailed, mule, black-tailed, fallow, sika, etc.), elk, moose, or caribou) killed in any of the areas listed below are prohibited from entering Virginia.

  • Any enclosure in North America intended for deer or elk
  • Alberta (entire province)
  • Arkansas (entire state)
  • Colorado (entire state)
  • Illinois (entire state)
  • Iowa (entire state)
  • Kansas (entire state)
  • Maryland (Alleghany and Washington Counties)
  • Michigan (entire state)
  • Minnesota (entire state)
  • Mississippi (entire state)
  • Missouri (entire state)
  • Montana (entire state)
  • Nebraska (entire state)
  • New Mexico (entire state)
  • New York (entire state)
  • North Dakota (entire state)
  • Ohio (entire state)
  • Oklahoma (entire state)
  • Pennsylvania (entire state)
  • Quebec (entire province)
  • Saskatchewan (entire province)
  • South Dakota (entire state)
  • Tennessee (entire state)
  • Texas (entire state)
  • Utah (entire state)
  • West Virginia (Berkley, Hampshire, Hardy, Mineral, and Morgan Counties)
  • Wisconsin (entire state)
  • Wyoming (entire state

Transporting Carcasses Within and Out of the Containment Area

Whole deer and certain high-risk carcass parts cannot be transported out of the CWD Containment Area (CA).  The Containment Area includes Clarke, Frederick, Shenandoah, and Warren counties. Whole carcasses of deer killed within the CA can be transported to other locations within the CA.

Transporting Carcasses Out of Virginia

Virginia is a CWD-positive state, therefore most states likely have restricted the importation of deer and elk carcasses and certain carcass parts from animals harvested in Virginia. Any out-of-state hunter that is heading to Virginia to deer hunt should check the carcass import or transport regulations in their home state.  See Resources for links leading to import regulations for neighboring states. A summary of state-by-state carcass transport and import regulations is accessible via the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission website or the CWD Alliance website.