Fish Bait Information

Bait Type Possession Limit Note
1 Minnows, Chubs, Madtoms 50 In aggregate with other bait, see below
1 Crayfish 50 In aggregate with other bait, see below
1 Hellgrammites 50 In aggregate with other bait, see below
1 Salamanders (less than 6 inches) 50 In aggregate with other bait, see below
2 Shad (Gizzard, Threadfin, Herring) Unlimited Only permitted in certain waters, see below
3 Trout Unlimited Artificially raised trout only, see below
4 Virginia Game Fish See Creel and Length Limit Table (PDF) Collected by angling with hook and line only
Fathead minnows, golden shiners, goldfish Unlimited
Legally purchased fish bait Unlimited Receipt needed specifying # and species

1– Minnows, chubs, madtoms, crayfish, hellgrammites, salamanders are limited to 50 total for all species combined (aggregate), not 50 of each species at the same time.
2– Gizzard and threadfin shad can be used in any of Virginia’s waters but there are geographical limitations for herring. There are no restrictions for the use of herring in Virginia waters that are within the Roanoke, New, or Tennessee River drainages. However, it is unlawful to possess herring in all coastal rivers of the Chesapeake Bay, Meherrin River, Nottoway River, Blackwater River (Chowan Drainage), North Landing and Northwest rivers and their tributaries, and Back Bay.
3– Only artificially raised trout may be used as bait. Must have an invoice or bill of sale specifying date of purchase, number of trout purchased and business where trout were purchased. Trout may be used as bait in the James River, New River, and in impoundments except Lake Moomaw and Philpott Reservoir.
4– The only Game Fish that can be used as cut bait are bluegill, sunfish, and bream. It is unlawful to remove the head, tail, or change the appearance of any other game fish since it would be impractical to measure original lengths or count the number of fish in possession.