Tips for Wintertime River Smallmouths
By Bruce Ingram
Photos by Bruce Ingram
Angling for Virginia’s wintertime river smallmouths is a paradox. The cold weather period is perhaps both the best time to catch trophy bronzebacks and the most likely time for fishermen not to even receive one bite. Here are tips from three well-known state anglers on how to experience more of the former and less of the latter.
Willis’ Mike Smith operates New River Fly Fishing and offers this advice.
“Fly fishermen should wait until we’ve had 50-degree-plus air temperatures for three or four days, which typically cause the water temperature to rise from, say, 40 to 44-45 degrees,” he says. “Then use sink tip lines and big streamers like my Articulated Fish Skull pattern to probe winter holes.”
Pembroke’s Britt Stoudenmire, who operates the New River Outdoor Company, gives an example of a “winter hole.”
“My favorite winter holes are pronounced ledges that run the width of the river within deeper pools,” he says. “The ledges provide breaks that protect fish in higher flows and are great structure to attract baitfish and crayfish. These are also excellent places to try jig and pigs, tubes or suspended jerk baits.
“I like to position my boat on the bottom side of the ledge and quarter my casts towards the ledge letting the broken current do all the work as the bait drifts slowly downriver with the current. The breaks, also called eddies, have current seams on the outer edges. Smallmouths will stage on these seams when they are feeding or will position more in the protected pocket when they are in a holding pattern.”
Tommy Cundiff runs River Monster Guide Service and also targets those same winter holding areas but with a different lure.
“I used to do the big bait on heavy line thing for winter smallmouths, but now I’ve mostly gone to finesse fishing for them,” he says. “I use six-pound-test mono on a 6 ½-foot rod and tie on 2 ½-inch Berkley Gulp Minnows. Make short casts to the bank and retrieve so that the bait sort of slowly pendulums back to the boat. Twitch the Gulp Minnows just a tad as you bring them back.”
The Old Dominion’s top wintertime destination?
“The New is an excellent destination for winter smallies because it has such diversified habitat and plenty of it,” Stoudenmire says. “Fish don’t have to move long distances to winter. I typically locate new winter holes on the New during the low water months when you can see the content of these areas better. Then I will go to them in the winter and check them out. Some work out, some don’t. Only time on the water will tell.”
Lastly, please be sure to always wear a lifejacket while wintertime fishing and check river gauges to make sure water levels are safe.Buy Your License