Application of WildlifeMapping to Virginia Standards of Learning (SOLs)
The WildlifeMapping Program initiated by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VDGIF) focuses on the systematic gathering and reporting of information about Virginia's wildlife which will then be incorporated into the Commonwealth's biological database. Many of the skills and activities performed during WildlifeMapping will integrate well into the Virginia SOLs. Many of the SOLs will be addressed directly while others can be incorporated though extension of the program via the teacher's imagination and talents.
Using the WildlifeMapping Program, students should gain an understanding of fundamental ideas in arithmetic, measurement, probability, data analysis and statistics, and a general proficiency in mathematical skills. In addition, students will learn to use a variety of methods and tools to compute, including paper and pencil, mental arithmetic, estimation, graphing, spreadsheets, calculators and computers.
- 1.1 Count objects in a given set containing between 10 and 100 objects and write the corresponding numeral.
- 1.15 Describe the proximity of objects in space.
- 1.18 Investigate, identify, and describe various forms of data collection (daily temperature).
- 1.20 Sort and classify concrete objects according to one or more attributes, including color, size, shape and thickness (ie. bird identification, color of feathers).
- 2.6 Recall basic addition facts, sums to 18 or less and corresponding subtraction facts (sum total of bird observations, etc.).
- 2.7 The student, given two whole numbers whose sum is 99 or less will;
- estimate the sum, and,
- find the sum using various methods of calculation.
- 2.12 Estimate then use a ruler to make linear measurements to the nearest centimeter and inch, including the distance around a polygon.
- 2.13 Given grid paper, estimate then count the number of square units needed to cover a given surface.
- 2.16 Tell and write time to the quarter hour, using analog and digital clocks.
- 3.2 Round to a whole number, 999 or less, to the nearest ten and hundred.
- 3.8 Solve problems involving the sum or difference of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less, with or without regrouping, using various computational methods, including calculators, paper and pencil, mental computations, and estimation.
- 3.14 Estimate and then use actual measuring devices with metric and US Customary units to measure:
- length - inches, feet, yards, centimeters and meters.
- 3.16 Identify equivalent periods of time, including relationships among days, months, and years as well as minutes and hours.
- 3.17 Read temperature, to the nearest degree, from a Celsius thermometer and a Fahrenheit thermometer.
- 4.6 Estimate whole number sums and differences and describe the methods of estimation.
- 4.12 Estimate and measure length using actual measuring devices and describe the results in both metric and U.S. Customary units, including part of an inch, inches, feet, yards, millimeters, centimeters, and meters.
- 4.16 Identify and draw representations of points, lines, line segments, rays and angles, using a straightedge or ruler.
- 4.17 Identify lines which illustrate intersection, parallelism and perpendicularity.
- 4.19 Collect, organize, and display data in line and bar graphs with scale increments of one or greater than one.
- 5.3 Create and solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, using paper and pencil, estimation, mental computation, and calculators.
- 5.11 Choose and appropriate measuring device and unit of measure to solve problems involving measurement of length, area, temperature.
- 5.12 Determine the amount of time elapsed time in hours and minutes within a 24-hour period.
- 5.15 Identify the ordered pair for a point and locate the point for an ordered pair in the first quadrant of a coordinate plane.
- C/T5.2 Develop basic technology skills that include vocabulary such as cursor, software, memory, disk drive, hard drive, CD-ROM.
- C/T5.3 Process, store, retrieve, and transmit electronic information - use search strategies to retrieve electronic information using databases, CD-ROMs, videodiscs, and telecommunications.
- 6.9 Compare and convert units of measures for length, weight/mass, and volume within the U.S. Customary system and within the metric system and estimate conversions between units in each system.
- 6.10 Estimate and then determine length weight/mass, area, and liquid volume/capacity, using standard and nonstandard units of measure.
- 6.19 Describe the mean, median, and mode as measure of central tendency and determine their meaning for a set of data.
- 7.21 Make inferences and predictions based on the analysis of a set of data that the students collect.
Computer/Technology Standards by the End of Grade Eight
- C/T8.1 Communicate through application software; compose and edit a multipage document at the keyboard using word processing skills and the writing process steps, communicate with spreadsheets by entering data and setting up formulas, analyzing data, and creating graphs or charts to visually represent data.
- C/T8.2 Communicate through networks and telecommunication. Use local and worldwide network communication systems.
- C/T8.4 Process, store, retrieve, and transmit electronic information.
- A.6 Select, justify, and apply an appropriate technique to graph a linear function in two variable. Techniques will include slope-intercept, x- and y-intercepts.
Using the WildlifeMapping Program, students should gain an understanding of fundamental ideas in developing and using experimental design in scientific inquiry; use the language of science to communicate understanding; investigate phenomena using technology; apply scientific concepts, skills, and processes; experience the richness and excitement of scientific discovery of the natural world; make informed decisions regarding contemporary issues by having a respect for living things; develop scientific dispositions and habits which include curiosity, demand for verification, respect for logic, attention to accuracy and precision, and patience and persistence; and explore science-related careers and interests.
- K.1 Conduct investigations in which basic properties of objects are identified by direct observation, objects are sequenced according to size, objects are described both pictorially and verbally.
- K.2 Investigate and understand that humans have senses including sight, smell, hearing, touch, and taste. Senses allow one to seek, find, take-in information in order to learn about one's surroundings.
- K.6 Investigate and understand basic needs and life processes of plants and animals.
- K.8 Investigate and understand simple patterns in his/her daily life including weather observations, shapes and forms of common natural objects, and animal and plant growth.
- 1.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which differences in physical properties are observed using the sense and simple instruments to enhance observations.
- 1.4 Investigate and understand that plants have life needs and functional parts and can be classified according to certain characteristics.
- 1.5 Investigate and understand that animal, including people have life needs and specific physical characteristics that can be classified according to certain characteristics.
- 1.7 Investigate and understand that the relationship of seasonal change and weather to the activities and life processes of plants and animals: growth, budding, behaviors, hibernation, migration, habitat etc.
- 1.8 Investigate and understand that natural resources are limited: water, land, minerals, forests, soil, water quality.
- 2.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which observations are repeated to improve accuracy, two or more attributes are used to classify items, and observation is differentiated from personal interpretation, and conclusions are drawn based on observations.
- 2.4 Investigate and understand that plants and animals go through a series of orderly changes in their life cycles:
- some animals go through distinct stages during their lives while others generally resemble their parents; and
- flowering plants undergo many changes from the formation of the flower to the development of the fruit.
- 2.5 Investigate and understand that living things are part of a system. Living organisms are interdependent with their living and nonliving surroundings; and habitats change over time due to many influences.
- 2.6 Investigate and understand basic types and patterns of weather.
- 2.7 Investigate and understand that weather and seasonal changes affect plants and animals and their surroundings.
- 2.8 Investigate and understand that plants produce oxygen and food, are a source of useful products, and provide benefits in nature.
- 3.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which questions are developed to formulate hypotheses; predictions and observations are made, data are gathered, charted and graphed.
- 3.4 Investigate and understand that behavioral and physical adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs; gathering and storing food, finding shelter, defending themselves, rearing young, hibernation, migration, camouflage, mimicry, instinct and learned behavior.
- 3.5 Investigate and understand relationships among organisms in aquatic and terrestrial food chains.
- 3.6 Investigate and understand that environments support a diversity of plants and animals that share limited resources; water related environments, dry-land environments, population and community.
- 3.8 Investigate and understand basic sequences and cycles occurring in nature; day and night, seasonal changes, etc.
- 3.10 Investigate and understand that natural events and human influences can affect the survival of species.
- 4.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which data are classified to create frequency distributions, variables that must be held constant in an experimental situation are defined.
- 4.5 Investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and the nonliving environment.
- 4.8 Investigate and understand important Virginia natural resources; animals and plants, both domesticated and wild.
- 5.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which appropriate instruments are selects and used for making quantitative observations of length, mass, volume and elapsed time.
- 5.5 Investigate and understand that organisms are made of cells and have distinguishing characteristics.
- 5.6 Investigate and understand characteristics of the ocean environment.
- C/T5.3 Process, store, retrieve, and transmit electronic information.
- 6.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which data are collected, record, analyzed, and reported using appropriate metric measurements, data are organized and communicated through graphical representation.
- 6.11 Investigate and understand public policy decisions relating to the environment.
- LS.1 The student will plan and conduct investigations in which:
- interpretations from the same set of data are evaluated and defended.
- LS.9 Investigate and understand interactions among populations in a biological community including cooperation and competition, symbiotic relationships and niches.
- LS.11 Investigate and understand that ecosystems, communities, populations, and organisms are dynamic and change over time (daily, seasonal, and long term).
- LS.12 Investigate and understand the relationships between ecosystem dynamics and human activity; changes in habitat size, quality, and structure, population disturbances and factors that threaten and enhance species survival; and environmental issues (water supply, air quality, energy production).
- LS.14 Investigate and understand that organisms change over time. How environmental influences, as well as genetic variation, can lead to diversity of organisms.
Computer Technology Standards by the End of Grade 8
- C/T8.1 Communicate through application software using databases, entering data, and producing reports in various forms.
- C/T8.2 Communicate through networks and telecommunications and use a local and worldwide network communication system.
- C/T8.3 A basic understanding of computer processing, storing retrieval, and transmission technologies and a practical appreciation of the relevant advantages and disadvantages of various processing, storage, retrieval, and transmission technologies.
- C/T8.4 Process, store, retrieve, and transmit electronic information using search strategies to retrieve electronic information, use electronic encyclopedias, almanacs, indexes and catalogs, and use databases to perform research.
- ES.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which technologies, including computers, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions.
- ES.3 Investigate and understand how to read and interpret maps, globes, models, charts and imagery.
- ES.7 Investigate and understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources including resources found in Virginia, use of resources and their effects on standards of living, environmental costs and benefits.
- BIO.1 Plan and conduct investigations in which observations of living things are recorded in the lab and in the field.
- BIO.5 Investigate and understand life functions of animals and plants; how their structures are alike and different.
- BIO.8 Investigate and understand how populations change through time. This will include environmental pressures impact on the survival of populations.
- BIO.9 Investigate and understand dynamic equilibria within populations, communities, and ecosystems including succession patterns in ecosystems and analysis of ecosystems.
Using the WildlifeMapping Program, students should communicate orally in large- and small- group settings. Reading, writing, and reporting skills will be used in this program related to the study of Virginia's natural resources.
- K.2 Use listening and speaking vocabularies using number words, use words to describe/name people, places, and things, use words to describe location, size, color and shape.
- 1.12 Write to communicate ideas
- in generating ideas,
- focusing on one topic,
- use descriptive words when writing about people, places and events, and
- use available technology.
- 2.9 Write stories and simple explanations:
- to generate ideas before writing,
- revise writing for clarity, and
- use available technology.
- 2.11 Locate information in reference materials:
- use a table of contents,
- examine pictures and charts,
- use dictionaries, and
- use available technologies.
- 3.7 Write descriptive paragraphs to focus on a central idea, and group related ideas.
- 3.8 Write stories, letters and simple explanations and short reports or organize information according to the type of writing, revise writing for specific vocabulary, use available technology.
- 3.10 Record information from print and nonprint sources, use dictionaries, encyclopedias and other reference books.
- 4.1 Use effective oral communication skills in a variety of settings:
- to present accurate directions to individuals and small groups,
- contribute to group discussions, and
- use evidence to support opinions.
- 4.2 Make and listen to oral presentations and reports:
- to listen and record information, and
- organize information for clarity.
- 4.7 Write effective narratives and explanations writing several related paragraphs on the same topic.
- 4.9 Use information resources to research a topic and to construct questions about a topic.
- 5.1 Listen, draw conclusions, and share responses in subject-related learning activities.
- Organize information to present reports of group activities, and
- Summarize information gathered in group activities.
- 5.7 Write for a variety of purposes to describe, to inform, to entertain, and to explain.
- 5.8 Synthesize information from a variety of resources.
Computer/Technology Standards by the End of Grade Five
- C/T5.2 Develop basic technology skills, vocabulary that includes cursor, software, memory, disk drive, hard drive, CD-ROM.
- C/T5.3 Process, store, retrieve, and transmit electronic information, use search strategies to retrieve electronic information using databases, CD-ROMs, videodiscs, and telecommunications.
- C/T5.4 Communicate through application software. Create simple databases and spreadsheets to manage information and create reports.
- 6.1 Analyze oral participation in small group activities to:
- evaluate their own contributions to discussions, and
- summarize and evaluate group activities.
- 6.5 Demonstrate comprehension of a variety of selections to:
- identify questions that need to be answered, and
- organize information for use in written and oral presentations.
- 6.7 Write narratives, descriptions, and explanations using a variety of strategies to generate and organize ideas.
- 6.8 Use writing as a tool for learning in all subjects.
- Make lists,
- hypothesize, and
- connect knowledge within and across disciplines.
- 6.9 Select the best sources for a given purpose, including atlases, dictionaries, globes, electronic databases.
- 7.1 Give and seek information in conversations and group discussions to:
- communicate ideas and information orally in an organized and succinct manner, and
- ask probing questions to seek elaboration and clarification of ideas.
- 7.3 Identify persuasive messages or identify between fact and opinion.
- 7.6 Read and understand information from varied sources and summarize what is read. Organize and synthesize information for use in written and oral presentations.
- 8.5 The student will write in a variety of forms, including narrative, expository and persuasive writings.
- Use prewriting strategies to generate and organize ideas,
- Focus on elaboration and organization,
- Select specific vocabulary and information, and
- Use available technology.
Computer/Technology Standards by the End of Grade Eight
- C/T8.1 Communicate through application software. Communicate with databases by defining fields and entering data, sorting, and producing reports in various forms.
- C/T8.2 Communicate through networks and telecommunications, use local and worldwide network communication systems.
- C/T8.4 Process, store, retrieve, and transmit electronic information.
- 9.4 The student will read and analyze a variety of print materials to:
- read and follow instructions to use computer software, assemble or construct models or equipment, or complete a project.
- 10.10 Collect, evaluate, and organize information.
- Organize information from a variety of sources,
- Verify accuracy and usefulness of information, and
- Use available technology.
- 11.1 Make persuasive presentations.
- Organize evidence to support a position,
- Present evidence clearly and convincingly, and
- Support and defend ideas and thoughts in public forums.
- 11.7 Write in a variety of forms with an emphasis on persuasion, organize ideas in a logical manner.
- 11.9 Analyze, evaluate, synthesize, and organize information from a variety of sources into a documented paper dealing with a question, problem or issue. Develop a plan for research, evaluate quality and accuracy of information.
- 12.1 Make a 5-10 minute formal oral presentation
- 12.2 Evaluate formal presentations
- 12.7 Develop expository and technical writing, present ideas in a logical sequence, elaborate ideas clearly and accurately
- 12.8 Write documented research papers, present information in a logical manner, use available technology
History and Social Sciences
Using the WildlifeMapping Program, students should gain an understanding of fundamental ideas of geography, natural heritage and resource economics, particularly of Virginia and the United States.
- K.2 Compare and contrast the relative location of people, places and things by locating land and water on a map using north, east, south, and west.
- K.3 Use simple maps, globes, and other three-dimensional models to become aware of the physical shape of our state and nation
- K.4 Identify symbols such as map symbols (legend references to land, water, roads, and cities).
- K.8 Identify traditionally patriotic symbols such as bald eagle, those associated with Virginia such as the cardinal.
- 1.5 Locate the local community, Richmond, the Commonwealth of Virginia, the United States, and four oceans on a map or globe.
- 1.6 Construct a simple map of a familiar area incorporating direction, scale and map symbols.
- 1.7 Describe how climate, location, and physical surroundings affect the way people live.
- 2.4 Describe our nation as composed of state and locate the following on a map of the United States; Washington, DC; the state of Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennessee; and major rivers, mountain ranges, and lakes.
- 3.5 Distinguish between meridians of longitude and parallels of latitude and use the equator and prime meridian to identify the Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western hemispheres.
- 3.6 Use maps, tables, graphs and charts, to classify regions with common characteristics, such as deserts.
- 4.2 Use the concepts of absolute location (e.g., direction, reference to neighboring state, and water features to locate and identify on maps and globes his/her local city or county, and Virginia.
- 10.1 Use maps, globes, photographs and pictures to analyze the physical and human landscapes of the world in order to recognize different map projections and explain the concept of distortion, concepts of scale, orientation, latitude and longitude.
- 10.2 Analyze how selected physical and ecological processes shape the Earth's surface in terms of how humans influence and are influenced by the environment.
- 12.16 Analyze the role of government in the United State economy, with emphasis on protecting the environment.