Virginia.gov

northern white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus noveboracensis)

Distribution Map

Distribution Map

Characteristics

This is a medium sized mouse with a sparsely haired tail that is less than half the total length. It has a total length of 170-186 mm, and a weight of 16-28 grams. The upperparts of the species are a pale brown with a yellow wash on the flanks; its belly and feet are white. This subspecies is distinguished from P. l. leucopus and P. l. easti by having a yellowish, rather than reddish, wash on the flanks. They have several litters between March and October of 4-5 young/litter. They are preyed upon extensively by owls, hawks, foxes, and weasels. Population density ranges from 4-12 per acre, and it is known to live 2-3 years in the wild.

Distribution

This subspecies is found in most areas of the state except the southeast quarter. Its preferred habitat are brushy forest edges but may venture into open grasslands.

Foods

This species eats seeds and nuts of oaks, maples, and pines, as well as insects. It is also is known to store seeds and nuts.

More Information

For more information, please visit the Virginia Fish & Wildlife Information Service (direct link to species booklet).