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Earn A Buck (EAB) Questions and Answers

  • What is EAB?
    • EAB is a regulation designed to increase the antlerless deer kill in a county.
  • Where is EAB in effect?
    • All lands (public and private) in Arlington, Fairfax, and Loudoun counties.
    • All lands (public and private) in Prince William County except on Department of Defense lands.
    • Private lands in the counties in Bedford, Clarke, Frederick, Roanoke, and Warren.
  • When is EAB in effect?
    • During all deer seasons (archery, muzzleloading, and firearms).
  • I heard that some major changes were made to EAB for fall 2013. Is that correct?
    • Yes, there were three major changes made to EAB. First, EAB requirements are now restricted to individual counties. Bucks and does will no longer "carry over" from county to county under EAB. Deer killed in an EAB county will not affect the type of deer you can kill in non-EAB counties or in other EAB counties. Second, the number of antlerless deer required for EAB was increased in Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William counties. Third, Franklin, Fauquier, Patrick, and Shenandoah counties were removed from EAB. The new EAB regulations are shown below.
  • What does "restricted to individual counties" mean?
    • EAB only applies to deer killed within that EAB County. Deer (antlered bucks and antlerless deer) do not "carry over" from county to county under EAB. Deer killed in an EAB county will not affect the type of deer you can kill in non-EAB counties or in other EAB counties. For example, a deer hunter east of the Blue Ridge could kill one or two antlered bucks in non EAB counties and then go hunting in an eastern EAB county and kill his third antlered buck without having taken an antlerless deer. Similarly, killing one or two antlerless deer in a non EAB county would not "count" toward the antlerless deer requirement in an EAB county.
  • Why was the number of antlerless deer required for EAB increased in Northern Virginia?
    • To increase the antlerless deer kill. A similar 2:1 EAB requirement for Fairfax County public land archery hunts has been very successful.
  • Will I have enough antlerless tags on my license to kill a 3rd buck in Northern Virginia?
    • Yes. Two antlerless deer must be harvested to kill a second buck, but only one additional antlerless deer must be harvested to kill a third buck.
  • Why were Franklin, Fauquier, Patrick, and Shenandoah counties removed from EAB?
    • Current data indicates that deer populations have demonstrated significant declines on private lands in all four counties over the past decade. Staff considers this reduction to have been adequate based on input from constituents and recommended that antlerless deer kill pressure be reduced at this time.
  • Will deer hunters have to kill an antlerless deer first in an EAB county?
    • No, in every EAB county the first deer killed in the county may be an antlered buck or an antlerless deer (a doe or button buck).
  • Why require EAB?
    • The Department's Deer Management Plan calls for deer populations to be reduced in all these counties, and traditional liberal deer regulations have not achieved that objective.
  • Can antlerless deer "carry over" from year to year?
    • No.
  • What should I do if I have additional EAB questions?

Earn a Buck (EAB)

For the purposes of this section, the term "license year" defines the period between July 1 and June 30 of the following year.

Arlington County (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer in Arlington County prior to taking at least two antlerless deer in Arlington County, and it shall be unlawful to take a third antlered deer in Arlington County prior to taking at least three antlerless deer in Arlington County.

Bedford County on private lands (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer on private lands in Bedford County prior to taking at least one antlerless deer on private lands in Bedford County, and it shall be unlawful to take a third antlered deer on private lands in Bedford County prior to taking at least two antlerless deer on private lands in Bedford County.

Clarke County on private lands (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer on private lands in Clarke County prior to taking at least one antlerless deer on private lands in Clarke County.

Fairfax County (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer in Fairfax County prior to taking at least two antlerless deer in Fairfax County, and it shall be unlawful to take a third antlered deer in Fairfax County prior to taking at least three antlerless deer in Fairfax County.

Frederick County on private lands (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer on private lands in Frederick County prior to taking at least one antlerless deer on private lands in Frederick County.

Loudoun County (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer in Loudoun County prior to taking at least two antlerless deer in Loudoun County, and it shall be unlawful to take a third antlered deer in Loudoun County prior to taking at least three antlerless deer in Loudoun County.

Prince William County except on Department of Defense (DOD) lands (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer in Prince William County (except on DOD lands) prior to taking at least two antlerless deer in Prince William County (except on DOD lands), and it shall be unlawful to take a third antlered deer in Prince William County (except on DOD lands) prior to taking at least three antlerless deer in Prince William County (except on DOD lands).

Roanoke County on private lands (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer on private lands in Roanoke County prior to taking at least one antlerless deer on private lands in Roanoke County.

Warren County on private lands (including the cities and towns within). During a license year, it shall be unlawful to take a second antlered deer on private lands in Warren County prior to taking at least one antlerless deer on private lands in Warren County.