“Two...No wait Three Eggs!”
The eagles have kept true to form, laying 3 eggs again this year. A second egg was laid on Feb. 3rd and the third egg on the 7th. Three eggs is unusual with the majority of nests containing only two. Very rarely a fourth egg may be laid and Bald Eagles in captivity have been known to lay up to seven eggs!
The eggs are dull white and rough in texture. Bald Eagle eggs average 2.75-3 inches in length and 2-2.25 inches across. The female (and occasionally the male) will incubate the eggs to keep the embryos inside warm while they grow into eaglets. The adults will occasionally turn the eggs and rearrange the pine straw lining the nest. The eagles use great care in moving around the nest to avoid breaking any of the eggs.
Unfortunately, in the past, even careful eagles couldn't avoid breaking eggs. The chemical DDT was widely used to Control insects in the United States. This pesticide accumulated in the fish eagles and other birds fed on causing them to lay eggs with thin shells. When parents would attempt to incubate their eggs, they would inadvertently crush the shells. This and other factors (habitat loss and illegal shooting) led to a frightening decline in eagle populations.
By 1970 only 80-90 breeding pairs of Bald Eagles remained in the Chesapeake Bay Region. With the banning of DDT in the U.S. in 1972, and the protection of Endangered Species status in 1976 the stage was set for the recovery of this species. Although the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is currently considering removing (or de-listing) the Bald Eagle from the Endangered Species Act, the bird continues to be protected under a number of federal and state laws.